To Solve Issues
Help Women in Need
Think she was myself!
As mentioned above, violence against women may increase in the confusion of a disaster. If you are faced with a scene of sexual harassment or violence, or if you are consulted about a woman's damage, you should raise you voice and be of help for those who are suffering in a terrible situation.
According to the "Survey Report on The Great East Japan Earthquake's Violence against Women and Children in the Event of Disaster and Reconstruction" of the Great East Japan Earthquake Women Support Network, it is said that there were cases that the response such as underestimating suffering, forcing the violence to be acquiesced, and not believing in the consultation of the damage was taken, and it hurts further. It is necessary for people in shelter to pay attention so as not to break the heart of the victim further.
Talk more to people around you!
Living in shelters has a great impact on mental and physical health. If you see someone in need, ask them if they want you to help.
However, it may be difficult to understand whether it is necessary to give consideration or assistance from the outside. It is a help mark that is useful in such a case. The help mark was created for those who are using prosthesis or artificial joints, those with internal disorders or intractable diseases, or those who need assistance or consideration. It made them easier to get help by informing people around them that they need consideration. Also pay more attention to whether people around you are wearing a help mark. M others before and after childbirth and infants are also said to be particularly delicate. If they have the following symptoms, you should recommend that they visit a medical institution. (From the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's "To Protect Health in Disaster Areas")
- Pregnant women … Stomach tension, or pain, bleeding, changing in fetal movement, swelling, headache, ticking eyes
- A mother who is just after giving birth … Fever, sudden increase in bad dew, pain of scratches, swelling and pain in the breast, decreased breast secretion
- Infant … Fever, diarrhea, loss of appetite, decreased feeding power
Let's support each other!
Evacuation life can be a great stress for adults and children, so you may take unusual behavior. However, these changes are natural. Adults around them need to take their children's reactions as a matter of course and watch them, but there are many cases where children are annoyed and forced to leave shelters. In addition, parents are confused by the child's unusual appearance or behavior.
The following graph 2-A shows the results of a questionnaire conducted by the Kumamoto City Gender Equality Center in July 2017. It heard women who had preschoolers in Kumamoto City and experienced the Kumamoto Earthquake and felt uneasy in shelter life.
"Report on the Response to the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake from the Viewpoint of Gender Equality http://www.gender.go.jp/research/kenkyu/pdf/kumamoto_h28_00.pdf" by the Gender Equality Bureau, Cabinet Office
From the graph 2-A, you can see that women with young children are more concerned and annoyed by the inconvenience stakes of their children, the sanitary environment, and the lack of a place for their children to spend, rather than "not being able to get the relief supplies they want. " Moreover, the free description of "Other” includes, "I could not line up for a long time with the child, I could not get the necessary supplies," "I had a hard time putting the child to sleep while the electricity was on even at night", "Smoking near the infant, I was worried about our health. " Shelters are extremely difficult environments for women with children, so by interacting with parents who are in similar circumstances, they can share their feelings and be more cooperative to the challenges with each other.