To Solve Issues
This section shows the considerations and preparations required for women to spend as less stress as possible in evacuation centers.
What Women Should Have
Preparation of disaster prevention bag
In general, the following items are required for evacuation life. They are listed below. (By 「Disaster Management in japan」)
- ・Emergency blanket
- ・work gloves
- ・Standing medicine
- ・Portable radio
- ・Food that can be eaten without hassle
- ・1-2 bottles of 500ml water
- ・Portable toilet
- ・Garbage bags
- ・rain poncho
Women also need these following supplies. (By 「Disaster prevention brochure from the view point of women (Oita)」)
- ・Sanitary items…
It is safe to have napkins, shorts and bidets for about a week.
- ・Security buzzer / whistle
- ・Pants…It is recommended because it is easier to move than a skirt.
- ・Paper underwear…This is disposable so it is sanitary.
- ・Antiseptic solution
- ・Face mask…Effective against infections, dryness and odor.
- ・Hair elastic
- ・wet towel …It is good to have both alcohol and non-alcohol.
- ・Cosmetics …Hand cream will refresh.
In addition, family concluding babies need these. things (By 「Disaster prevention brochure from the view point of women (Oita)」)
- ・Information memo
（Parent's name, address, allergies, etc.）
- ・Portable potty
- ・Baby wipes
- ・Powdered milk
- ・Baby bottles and disinfectants
- ・Baby diapers
To make it easier to imagine what should be stockpiled, here is an example of a disaster prevention bag at a group member's home.
List of what was in the bag
- ・Emergency carry-out bag set
…LED light, aluminum sheet, work gloves, whistle, porch, bookmark for disaster prevention.
- ・Security map
- ・Disaster prevention handbook
- ・Simple toilet set
- ・Dust mask
- ・First aid set
- ・Work gloves
- ・Light (It can be lowered from the neck.)
- ・Alpha rice
- ・Rice cake
- ・Curing tape
- ・Garbage bags
- ・Picnic sheet
Examination of the contents revealed that portable radios, headlights, helmets, and kappa were not included, even though they were commonly needed supplies. Women's supplies were also particularly scarce and only the whistle was ready.
Like this member's family, it may be easy to forget to have supplies for women. It is effecitive to check them carefully. Everything people need is different. Think about what you and your family need and try adding them!
Preparation at home
A good rule of thumb is to spend at least three days in each home, preferably one week. (By 「Disaster Management in japan」)
- ・Drinking water (3 liters per person per day)
- ・Toilet Paper
- ・Portable toilet
- ・Cassette stove
Let's prepare these things.
Many victims in the past said that they wanted to eat warm food in their evacuation lives. Immediately after the disaster, electricity and gas are temporarily cut off and it is highly possible that the heat source will be lost. In such a case, the cassette stove is very convenient. Prepare a cassette stove, and stock up a lot of cassette cylinders (about 15-20 bottles).
How are the group members prepared for their homes? We asked one of us. The member says, “I have a cassette stove in my house, but there is only one cassette cylinder for pots. Since this cannot be used in the event of a disaster, it is necessary to increase the number of cassette cylinders.”
Let's utilize rolling stock
In the event of a catastrophe, public supplies may not arrive immediately. Convenience stores and other stores may be flooded with people, and the products may soon disappear. Therefore, it is very important to provide disaster prevention goods in each home.
The rolling stock method is a way of constantly stocking a new emergency food at home, repeating the act of eating an emergency food or a daily food which has a long life and then buying it again. When it comes to emergency food, failures such as “the consumption period has passed and we have to dispose of everything when we notice that” may occur, but this method is more secure because what we usually eat is lined up at the table during the disaster.
One of us is doing rolling stock of drinking water at home. She said, "At my home, I try to store 14 liters of tap water in a water tank. I usually change new water on the next day and use water of tank for bath. In a disaster, the water in the tank can be used as drinking water. There is a way to store water in the bath, but I think that it is better as an alternative to the water stored in the bath. Two 2L PET bottles are stockpiled in case of disaster, so there will be water for two days. The challenge, however, has not arrived in three days, which we generally need to stockpile.